日本酒を語る

日本酒を語る

2019.08.10

うんちく系コラム

お酒に所縁の神社へ行こう(関東・東北〜)

Hibita Shrine (Isehara City, Kanagawa Prefecture) This shrine is said to be dedicated to Oosakatokenokami (Ooyamazuminokami), the god of sake in B.C.665. In 645, both Sakatokenokami and his wife Kosakatokenokami (Konohanasakuyahime) were enshrined together as aidonoshin (deities enshrined together). They say its long history goes back to remains of ritual sites in the middle of the Jomon Period. Hakusan Shrine (Bunkyo Ward, Tokyo) In the precincts of Hakusan Shrine, there is Kanto Matsuo Taisha Shrine, which, in Edo Period, received a separate deity from the original shrine Matsuo Taisha Shrine (Kyoto) that is enshrined to Japan’s No.1 god of sake brewing. Ooyamakuinokami and other gods are worshiped in this shrine. Ookunitama Shrine (Fuchu City, Tokyo) In the precincts of Ookunitama Shrine, there is Matsuo Shrine which enshrines Ooyamakuinomikoto, a guardian deity of brewing such as sake, shoyu, miso, koji and a soshin (ancestor worshiped as a deity) of pioneering. Umenomiya Shrine (Sayama City, Saitama Prefecture) In 883, the divided god of Umenomiya Shrine (currently known as Umenomiya Taisha, Kyoto) was invited to this shrine to be enshrined. It is said that Ooyamazuminokami was pleased with Konohanasakuyahime giving birth and made white sake from rice harvested in clean rice fields to be dedicated to gods in heaven and earth. From this, on February 10th and 11th, every year the shrine holds Amazake Festival at Umenomiya Shrine, which is designated as intangible folk cultural property by Saitama prefecture. Mika Shrine (Misato Town, Kodama County, Saitama Prefecture) Mika is a large earthenware pot for sake brewing. The shrine preserves four Haji pottery mikas, which used to be considered sacred treasures. Annual festivals are held in April and October every year, when sake offered to the gods is offered to worshippers and visitors. Yasumi Shrine (Nishiaizu Town, Yama County, Fukushima Prefecture) In the precincts of Yasumi Shrine, there is Matsuo Shrine, a branch shrine of Matsuo Taisha Shrine (Kyoto), which is the only one shrine in Fukushima that is dedicated to the gods of sake. The fall festival called Jou Festival is held on the day unohi (literally, the day of hare) in November every year, which is regarded good for starting preparation of new sake. On that day, sacred water is offered and used for the first preparation by sake breweries who belong to Aizuwakamatsu Sake Brewer’s Association. Morioka Hachimangu In 1741, Umenomiya received a divided god of Umenomiya Shrine (currently known as Umenomiya Taisha Shrine, Kyoto) to enshrine Sakatokenokami and Sakatokekonokami, and other gods. There is also “Takabe Shrine” which is the only shrine in the north of Kanto areas that are dedicated to Iwakamutsukari and Shijo Chunagon Masatomo Fujiwara, the soshin of cooking and the god of brewing such as shoyu and miso.